Changing Colors: The Blog of Spectrum Pediatrics

November 9, 2017

Lights, Camera, Learning!

By: Krystina Burke, M.S., CCC-SLP
  • Video modeling is a visual teaching method.
  • Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) learn best through visual means.
  • A recent study found that students with ASD were able learn new behaviors by watching other people.
  • Video modeling can easily be put into practice!

Smart phones are pretty bright! They wake us up, keep up on schedule, allow us to email and browse the web from anywhere and everywhere, they take amazing photographs that we can share in an instant, and oh yeah.. we can actually use it as a phone to call someone.  One thing you might not know is that you have a powerful teaching tool right in your back pocket!

Video modeling is a visual teaching method. As the name suggests, video modeling provides children with the opportunity to learn a behavior or skill by watching a video of someone else, or themselves in a certain situation or performing a certain skill! Video modeling can be used to support all children, but has been especially affective when working with children with Autism. This intervention has been used support children in the areas of behavioral functioning, social-communication, and functional self-help skills.

Children with autism benefit from using visuals as a learning strategy. A study by Bellini and Akullian (2007) concluded that children preformed best when they were highly motivated and attentive because they enjoyed watching the videos. A study by MacDonald (2009) found that when children were given the opportunity to observe videos of their peers during social, play based, interactions these children were more likely to engage in reciprocal play interactions with typically developing peers.

So how can you put this into practice? First, identify an area of need for your child. What is most difficult for them? Is it engaging with peers during play or functionally playing with their toys at home? Is it getting on or off the bus? Once you know what you want to target, the next step is to find a video that models the behavior or skill you want your child to learn. There are many pre-made videos available to use here. Stay tuned for a trick of the trade on how to learn how to make your own!

Sources:

Bellini, S., & Akullian, J. , Exceptional Children, 73, 261-284, 2007

MacDonald, R., Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 2009, Spring, 42 (1): 43-55.

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